(2005). "The Separation of State and Atheism".

Atheism is a religion alongside the others because it also is based on faith. In effect, atheist activists are asking the state to establish atheism over other religions. It is impossible for the state to be neutral with regard to religion. The solution is to distinguish between the literal and expressive meanings of religious language.


(2003). "A Challenge to American Islam".

American Muslims must clearly explain the relationship of their religious commitment to American democracy. For more on terrorism, see www.n-e-x-u-s.com/terrorism/.


(2003). "Buddhism, Science, and Discouragement." [Abridged version: "Buddhism and Science." Inquiring Mind, 20(1),49.]

The contemporary challenge of Buddhism is to show how the inner peace of mindfulness is not only compatible with our complex technoeconomy, but contributes to and is even nourished by it. Buddhism should not escape into a romanticized pastoral past.


(2002). "The Discerning Future of Jesuits."

Explains the relationship between spirituality and institutional religion as emphasizing experience and belief, respectively.


(2001). "Review: The Psychology of Religion: A Short Introduction, by Kate M. Loewenthal. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 8 n.1, 90-91.

A brief but useful overview of the empirical studies of religion's psychological effects, both beneficial and dysfunctional, on religious believers and practitioners.


(2001). "Paths to Spirituality: A Review Article of Beyond Religion, by David N. Elkins." The Humanistic Psychologist, 27 n.3, 369-373.

Elkins provides a number of paths to spirituality that do not rely on the language and practices of established religions. I argue that his paths are useful but incomplete, since he does not explain how spirituality is compatible with today's fast-paced technological culture. Elkins replies.


(1970). "to become aware" (poem). The Homiletic and Pastoral Review, v. 70, 609.

Expresses hope for cosmic unity in Christian terms.


(1969). "Review: The Revolution of Hope, by Erich Fromm." The Catholic World, 209, 82-83.

Explains mankind's religious aspirations in secular, psychoanalytic terms. I argue that this approach has much to offer Catholics in its focus on inner experience.


(1969). "The Individual and the People of God." The Bible Today, 2832-2838.

Explains how a dialectic between inner experience and a sense of community develops in Christian scripture.


(1968). "Secular Humanism and the Christian Faith." The Catholic World, 208, 69-74.

Explains that secular humanism can contribute to Christianity an emphasis on personal experience (soma) rather than abstract belief.


(1967). "A Note on Lonergan's Argument for the Existence of God." The Modern Schoolman, 45, 243-248.

Articulates the logical structure of Lonergan's argument for the existence of God. Identifies where his argument is based on the conscious experience of the subject, specifically on the unconditional desire to know. As unconditioned, this desire is an adumbration of soma.